Further Information


Dipl.-Ing. oec.
Gabriela Stramka


Tel.: +49 (0) 2 11-6707-953
Fax: +49 (0) 2 11-6707-923953
E-Mail: click here



Here you will find the main data and facts on all aspects of steel and the steel industry at a glance – in the following reports:

We recommend the Statistische Jahrbuch der Stahlindustrie, published by the German Steel Federation, as a detailed reference work for data and facts on the steel industry. It appears in October every year and provides the most important figures on the steel industry for the previous year and the reference years.

Please contact gabriela.stramka@stahl-zentrum.de if, after publication of the Statistical Yearbook, you require an updating of some statistics for the current year.

Foreign Trade

Development of Global Steel Exports Steel Mill Products, 2013 – 2016

The global steel exports were last year with 363 million tonnes at a nearly consistently high level. Of it about 30 percent were exported from China. While the Chinese steel industry has nearly doubled her steel exports since 2013 on 108 million tonnes, the exports of the remaining world decreased by about 8 million tonnes.

World Steel* trade: Import-Export-Balance 2015/2016

NAFTA, Near East and Africa are the classical import regions of global steel trade. Traditionally the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) is an export region. In the past 10 years Asia has developed into an export region as well. This is caused by China as the greatest steel exporting country. In the EU growing steel imports in times of decreasing steel exports in 2016 led to a negative import-export-balance. No other region has to manage such a deterioration. In contrast China’s import-export-balance decreased by 4 million tons (y-o-y).

EU Steel Import: Intensive Surge

In the past few years EU-imports increased dramatically. In 2016 more than 35 million tonnes of rolled steel have been imported (+9 percent % y-o-y). In particular China’s steel vendors move towards the open market of the EU. Although the imports from China have decreased compared with the year before about 1. 3 million tonnes, they stay in 2016 with just 6 million tonnes farther at a very high level.

EU-28: Steel foreign trade

The 2016 import-export-balance of rolled steel was negative. 35 million tonnes have been imported (+9 percent y-o-y). Exports decreased by 11 percent to 24 million tonnes. Overall, 11 million tonnes less were exported than imported.

EU-28: Steel foreign trade by regions


EU-imports are dominated by China and the CIS. EU steel industry exports its products primarily to other European countries, to Africa and the NAFTA.

Germany: Steel foreign trade


Approx. 80 % of steel foreign trade in Germany is transacted within the EU. Overall, the import-export-balance of German rolled steel is nearly balanced. Traditionally the trade with third-countries generates export surpluses.